Swedish Hallmarks on Silver
 & other Precious Metals

by B. Lennart Persson & Svein G. Josefsen


Swedish silver is usually marked with quite a few hallmarks that documents the origin of the object and dates it. This article will give the basic principles for reading these hallmarks.

The hallmarks on this photo are found on a bracelet designed by Theresia Hvorslev. It was made for the company Alton, located in Falköping in 1971. All this information is readable from the hallmarks. The first hallmark is the makers mark of the goldsmith or the company that either made the object or imported it to Sweden. This is typically either two our three letters, initials of the makers name or an abbreviation of the name of the maker or company. It can also be all of the company name, as in this example; Alton. The makers marks are rectangular in shape and are registered for use at the control authorities.

The second hallmark is the City Stamp that gives the place where the object was produced, or where the importer is located. The City Stamp for Stockholm is the crowned head of the patron saint St. Erik. Appart from this stamp all the Swedish city stamp consist of the first, or the two first, letters of the name of the city. Since there are many cities that starts with the same letter, there is a system where the letters have different style and are placed in different geometric forms. Naturally there are quite a few city stamps, and many of them looks allmost the same. Further down in this articel you will find a selection of marks from cities were with an important production of modern silver jewelry.

The third hallmark is a controll stamp that guarantees the quality of the metal used in the production. This hallmark has three crowns and is either shaped like a cat's foot, for objects produced in Sweden since 1754, or the crowns are placed in an oval, for objects imported to Sweden before 1988. After 1988 the cat's foot is used on both Swedish made and imported objects. On silver objects the three crowns are followed by a S in a hexagonally shaped frame, as in the our exampel. On objects made from platinum this frame containes a P. There is no letter for gold. The controll stamp shows that the quality of the metal has been analyzed by the proper authorities.

The hallmark with a combination of a letter and a number is the date letter, that gives us the year of production. This system for marking precious metalls started back in 1759 and is still in use, although the silversmiths are no longer obliged to use date letters. Since the letter mark gives the year of production of the very piece of silver that is marked, it gives the collector the opportunity to differ between early and newer productions of designs that have been produced for longer periodes. The date letters on Swedish metals seem identical to the Finnish date letters. The system is the same, however the starting year differs and because of that one needs to know the country of origin to be able to tell the year of production.

The last hallmark on this example is a designers mark, in this case the script signature of the artist who designed the object. Designer marks are unfortunatetly not that common on Swedish silver, and especially not on jewelry.

There are also other hallmarks that appear on Swedish metal objects. The most common is a content mark that gives the quality of the metal. This hallmark is a garantee by the maker. It can either appear together with the garantee mark of the authorities, or it can replace that mark.


City Stamps / Assay Marks


Control Stamps

Stamp of the authorities on silver objects made in Sweden. From 1988 this stamp is also used on imported products.
Import stamp on items from abroad. Not in use after 1988.
Stamp of the authorities on gold objects made in Sweden. From 1988 this stamp is also used on imported products.
Import stamp on items from abroad. Not in use after 1988.
Stamp of the authorities on platinum objects made in Sweden. From 1988 this stamp is also used on imported products.
Import stamp on items from abroad. Not in use after 1988.
European Control Stamp (CCM) for silver 925 / Sterling. In use in Sweden from 1975.
European Control Stamp (CCM) for gold 750 / 18 K. In use in Sweden from 1975.
European Control Stamp (CCM) for plarinum 950. In use in Sweden from 1975.


Content Stamps
Silver 830/1000 (silver that is used in the Nordic countries, often called Coin Silver in the US)
Silver 925/1000 (sterling-silver)
Gold 585/1000 (14 ca gold)
Gold 750/1000 (18 ca gold)
Platinum 950/1000



Date Letters
A6=1879 A7=1903 A8=1927 A9=1951 A10=1975 A11=1999
B6=1880 B7=1904 B8=1928 B9=1952 B10=1976 B11=2000
C6=1881 C7=1905 C8=1929 C9=1953 C10=1977 C11=2001
D6=1882 D7=1906 D8=1930 D9=1954 D10=1978 D11=2002
E6=1883 E7=1907 E8=1931 E9=1955 E10=1979 E11=2003
F6=1884 F7=1908 F8=1932 F9=1956 F10=1980 F11=2004
G6=1885 G7=1909 G8=1933 G9=1957 G10=1981 G11=2005
H6=1886 H7=1910 H8=1934 H9=1958 H10=1982 H11=2006
I6=1887 I7=1911 I8=1935 I9=1959 I10=1983 I11=2007
K6=1888 K7=1912 K8=1936 K9=1960 K10=1984 K11=2008
L6=1889 L7=1913 L8=1937 L9=1961 L10=1985 L11=2009
M6=1890 M7=1914 M8=1938 M9=1962 M10=1986 M11=2010
N6=1891 N7=1915 N8=1939 N9=1963 N10=1987 N11=2011
O6=1892 O7=1916 O8=1940 O9=1964 O10=1988 O11=2012
P6=1893 P7=1917 P8=1941 P9=1965 P10=1989 P11=2013
Q6=1894 Q7=1918 Q8=1942 Q9=1966 Q10=1990 Q11=2014
R6=1895 R7=1919 R8=1943 R9=1967 R10=1991 R11=2015
S6=1896 S7=1920 S8=1944 S9=1968 S10=1992 S11=2016
T6=1897 T7=1921 T8=1945 T9=1969 T10=1993 T11=2017
U6=1898 U7=1922 U8=1946 U9=1970 U10=1994 U11=2018
V6=1899 V7=1923 V8=1947 V9=1971 V10=1995 V11=2019
X6=1900 X7=1924 X8=1948 X9=1972 X10=1996 X11=2020
Y6=1901 Y7=1925 Y8=1949 Y9=1973 Y10=1997 Y11=2021
Z6=1902 Z7=1926 Z8=1950 Z9=1974 Z10=1998 Z11=2022



Article and photographs by B. Lennart Persson & Svein G. Josefsen

Web design by Marbeth Schon  
 Copyright © 2004 Modern Silver Magazine
and egc online publications



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